Daily Read: Operating System Query (osquery) utility

What is osquery?

osquery is a tool that exposes an operating system as a high-performance relational database. It enables developers to write SQL-based queries that explore operating system data. With osquery, SQL tables can be created to help represent otherwise fairly abstract concepts, such as:

  • Running processes
  • Loaded kernel modules
  • Open network connections
  • Browser plugins
  • Hardware events
  • File hashes

How Does osquery Work?

Here are some examples of what you can do with osquery and why it’s such a useful utility. Some of the data below could not be retrieved without the tedious parsing of system files or, even worse, without employing dangerous system commands:

  • List users
  • Get the process name, port and PID for all processes
  • List logged-in users

Examples

You can list most of the information in /etc/passwd using this simple query:

SELECT * FROM users;

References

https://www.netsparker.com/blog/web-security/osquery-injection/

https://osquery.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

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