Must read research on how cyber attacks & Fake news are undermining democracies. These attacks are not changing the election voting machine & other infrastructure, However, changing the views to a larger extent. Political parties or opponents are using cyber technology to spread their propaganda. And, the situation is so bad that nobody likes to have a democratic discussion. Everybody is correct & accurate with their sources. The biggest damage is done using social media & news.
Common-knowledge attacks can have critical consequences yet they are a poor fit with conventional national security approaches to cybersecurity. National security officials traditionally think about cybersecurity using Cold War concepts that were developed to understand nuclear weapons. They use ideas such as the offence-defence balance, conventional deterrence theory, and deterrence by denial.
This attack on public confidence in election results was thwarted at the last moment. Even so, it provided the model for a new kind of attack. Hackers don’t have to secretly alter people’s votes to affect elections. All they need to do is to damage public confidence that the votes were counted fairly. As researchers have argued, “simply put, the attacker might not care who wins; the losing side believing that the election was stolen from them may be equally, if not more, valuable.”
Read full research paper how elections & public opinions are subverted with fake news & social media.